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Main Page About Vermicomposting  Build a Bin Worms in Action School Projects Math Project

How does vermicompost work?

Through the process of vermicompost, composting worms eat away decaying organic matter such as fruits and vegetables. Once the worms eat and digest the food, they release it as nutrient rich fertilizer.

Worms as decomposers:
Decomposers recycle degradable items into chemical nutrients like carbon and nitrogen and release it back into its habitat. Worms break down biodegradable items like rotting food and break it down into nutritious soil. All you have to do to start composting is getting a bin putting in some soil and start dumping your organic materials, close the lid and let it start to decompose. A faster method would be vermicompost, which is adding worms (red wiggler) into the bin and help the decomposing process by letting them recycle your materials. This compost is great to add into your plants or create your own garden!

Some fun Worm Facts:
- Worms have 5 hearts.
- Worms can eat it’s body weight every day.
- Worms have a life expectancy of 10 years.
- Worms do not have any bones but instead are made up of hundreds of small rings called “segments” that expand and contract to help them move.
- Worms are cold-blooded; their body heat is determined by their surroundings.
- Wigglers are most active when the temperature is anywhere between 16 degrees to 28 degrees otherwise they behave more sluggishly and eat less.
- Each cocoon (where the eggs are stored) can hold up to 20 fertilized eggs and hatch after 3 weeks.
Worms are both male and female!
- Worms do not have teeth but instead swallow little pieces of dirt to keep in their gizzard to ground up the food they eat.


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